Category: caring for skin

Micellar water


Micellar water has been around for over a hundred years, first gaining momentum in France, where it was designed to help Parisians deal with the region’s infamously harsh water supply.

What is micellar water

The formula is made of micelles, which are tiny oil molecules suspended in soft water. Micelles are attracted to dirt, grime, and oil, and they draw out impurities without drying out your skin.

When applied to the skin, these molecules latch onto the dirt, make-up and other impurities sitting on your skin, removing them in an effective and gentle matter. They feel – and look – like a toner, but excel at cleansing the skin, while also leaving it feeling soft and hydrated.
How does it work
Rather than containing a foamy solution that strips your skin and leaves behind harsh chemicals, micelles cling on to the dirt and makeup so they are able to draw out and dissolve impurities without drying out the skin, leaving behind a glowing, hydrated finish.
Why use micellar water

The fact that it requires absolutely no rinsing and is suited for all skin types—especially super dry, sensitive, and acne-prone skin. And unlike many toners, micellar water does not contain alcohol and never stingsnor dries the skin out.

There’s no need to rinse after using micellar water, making it a skin-loving version of the traditional face wipe. And as You don’t need water, so at night they save you time in the cleansing ritual, very convenient and good for travel.


Hyaluronic acid in skin scare

Hyaluronic serum


What is hyaluronic acid ?
Hyaluronic acid is actually a natural structural component of skin, and, in fact, is present in connective tissue throughout the human body. Hyaluronic acid (also known as hyaluronan) is a glycosaminoglycan, a type of molecule composed partly of sugars.

Present in large amounts in the spaces between skin cells, where it provides moisture, plumpness, firmness and suppleness to the skin.

It is of the chief components of the extra-cellular matrix (the tissue that provides structural support to cells). In short, hyaluronic acid supports many important areas of the body, with notable benefit to joints and skin.

How does it work?
Hyaluronic acid plays a critical role in skin health with its unique ability to hold in moisture (1000 ml of water per gram of hyaluronic acid).

Hyaluronic acid is also a “smart nutrient” as it can adjust its moisture absorption rate based on the humidity—relative to the season and the climate.

Unlike collagen, Hyaluronic Acid is able to penetrate the skin’s upper layers to improve and benefit the skin when applied topically. This is thanks to its small molecular size.

Hyaluronic acid is a major component of skin, where it benefits tissue repair and protection.

What makes it a great ingredient in skincare?
First off, don’t let the word “acid” fool you. Hyaluronic acid isn’t harsh or skin-stripping at all. In fact, it’s the exact opposite—a powerful humectant (aka moisture-binding ingredient) that keeps skin plump and hydrated and, yes, young-looking. When you apply it topically it penetrates the dead cell layer (stratum corneum) and permeates the skin It increases hydration, improves elasticity and also reverses free radical damage, so it may have some benefit in protecting from UV damage

As we age, our skin loses moisture, resulting in a loss of firmness and pliability. hyaluronic acid and sodium hyaluronate can reduce the appearance of fine lines, promote younger-looking skin, and help create a healthier barrier.

While it won’t give you the dramatic, instantaneous results that a hyaluronic acid filler can, you will see benefits in the form of softer, smoother, more hydrated skin.

Caring for oily skin

You probably know it if you have oily skin but just in case here are some of the main characteristics :

  • Visible shine
  • Thick appearance
  • Coarse appearance due to enlarged pores
  • Blackheads/Acne/Breakouts


As you already know there is literally tons of conflicting advice available to us in this day and age most of it useless as it reflects an outdated understanding of skin science and much of it is inherited from decades of marketing campaigns designed to sell product.  The old idea that has been instilled into us is that we had to continually and frenetically eliminate the oil from the face almost as soon as it appeared , needlessly compounding the problem of already hyperactive over stressed sebaceous glands( the glands that produce the oil that is on your face).

Another issue faced by those with oily skin is the mistaken idea that because it feels and appears thick it can tolerate unnecessary chemical attacks with strong astringents both chemical and natural, this is especially true during a breakout when the skin is irritated and all one wants is to soothe it.  It is importand to discard this old way of thinking and and start being more gentle towrds oily skin to bring it to its best possible health.

below is a simple to follow guide developed specifically for the care of oily skin and should help bring it to its best condition.

  • Wash no more than 3 times a day with a soap free formulation – Soap can have a ph as high as 8 compared to the skins ph which can be 3 or 4, and can overstimulate already hyperactive oil glands- in tepid water. It is best to avoid hot water on oily skin as it can also stimulate the oil glands that are already stressed  overworked.


  • Exfoliate sparingly. Whilst it is important to exfoliate regularly it is recommended that those with oily skin exfoliate no more than once a week with a high quality scrub or microdermabrasion system. this ensures that the sebaceous glands are not overstimulated or stressed. This in turn prevents breakouts. And prevents bacteria infecting microscopic wounds created by coarser exfoliation practices.


  • An alternative to washing is the OCM (Oil Cleansing Method) whereby counterintuitively the skin is cleansed by using oil and water rather than a surfactant, or the tried and tested cream cleanser which has the benefits of both the oil and water method without the oily residue , each method is a matter of results and personal choice. So I recommend you try them all and choose the one that works for you !!


  • Moisture means water not oil. Oily skin can be dehydrated which can cause irritation and subsequent breakouts so it is important to moisturise day and night and after each wash. Also use an spf to avoid sun damage which can exacerbate the already hyperactive sebaceous glands. For oily skin it is best to use a light moisturiser or gel moisturiser that utilises non-comedogenic oils to keep the hydration within the skin.


  • It is important to gently control oil between washes with powder paper or with an oil control translucent powder, this greatly helps prevent breakouts and improves the appearance of the skin without clogging pores or stressing the skin out.


  • Detoxify with a clay mask up to three times a week


  • If blackheads are a problem use a monthly or bimonthly face peel 



  • Retinoids can help shrink oil glands through cellular communication.


  • Most importantly look after your diet and pay attention to see if certain foods are linked to your breakouts. Research has shown that while the odd pizza or chocolate are in no way linked to acne or blackheads there is some evidence to suggest that milk is a contributing factor due to the hormones present during lactation. And of course you are what you eat .



A serum is a skin formulation high in active ingredients such as Retinol, Vitamin c, Magnesium, to name a few, designed to penetrate the skin barriers to deliver those ingredients deep within the skin


A moisturiser is designed to deliver water to the skin then keep it hydrated whilst a Serum is designed to penetrate the skin deeply delivering its active ingredients. It does this through a formulation that has a smaller molecular structure than that of a moisturiser


If you don’t feel that you are getting enough from your moisturiser,or your skin is undergoing a change, or you want to enhance your skins appearance by improving nutrient availability perhaps a serum is for you.